June 27th, 2014
Athletes are at a considerable risk for ankle and knee sprains, as well as other soft-tissue injuries. Practicing the RICE method, which stands for rest, ice, compression, and elevation, can help jump-start the healing process in such injuries. Following these steps can even help stop complications from arising, and promote faster healing to get you back in the game. Let’s take a closer look at what exactly this method involves.
Immediately after getting hurt, make sure you rest and protect the injured area. Stop what you’re doing, and do not try to “play through the pain,” as this may further complicate your injury. Do not put any pressure or weight on the injured area, and have someone help you safely off the field.
Icing an injured area directly after getting hurt can stop excessive swelling before it even starts. Never place ice directly onto the skin; always be sure to put a protective layer of cloth between your skin and the ice pack. For 48 hours, ice the injured area for 10-20 minutes, then remove the ice for 20 minutes. Repeat this step as needed for up to 3 days. Call your orthopedist if swelling and pain persists for longer than 3 days.
Wrapping the injured area with an elastic bandage (such as an ACE™ bandage) can help decrease swelling. Howver it’s important not to wrap too tightly, as the area beneath the injury may swell and pain, numbness, and tingling can increase.
While resting, elevate the injured area as often as you can. Elevation is most effective when the area that is injured is kept higher than your heart. This can also help cut down on swelling.
If pain and swelling persist after practicing the RICE method for 2-3 days, a more serious injury may have been sustained. In these cases, it is important to visit an orthopedist and have x-rays taken of the injured area. Fractures and sprains/strains share many similar symptoms, and only a doctor can determine the extent of your injury.
Sports Injury Treatment in Emerson and Hackensack
If you suffered a sports injury and need to be evaluated by an orthopedist, contact us today to schedule your appointment. You can reach our Emerson office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to hearing from you.
Posted in Injury Prevention, Sports Medicine, Top 10 Ways to Avoid a Sports Injury | No Comments »
May 7th, 2014
Generally speaking, degenerative disc disease refers to the everyday “wear and tear” of the back. It involves the many changes that take place within the discs separating the bone of the back. Disc diseases are very common, and for most patients, treatment will offer the patient a positive outlook.
There are many factors that can contribute to this condition. Some factors include a person’s genetic background, as well as continually placing stress on the discs in the back. The condition is most common at the joints which link the bones of the spine together, known as the facet joints. This condition can cause additional problems, including spinal stenosis (which occurs when the spinal canal becomes narrower), and herniated discs in the back.
So what are the symptoms of this condition? For most patients, severe back pain is the most reported symptom of disc disease. However, patients with a more severe form of disc disease may experience both back and leg pains. Degenerative disc disease can also result from imbalances within the muscles or the ligaments that surround the spine.
One of the most common ways to treat degenerative disc disease is through physical therapy, which works to correct pain and other issues within the lower back. Patients may also benefit from the use of anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen. In order to treat more severe cases, the patient may need to undergo an injection of steroids to help reduce pain and symptoms. Lifestyle changes (such as quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy weight) may also be necessary. Exercising on a regular basis will also be extremely helpful!
For most patients with degenerative disc disease, surgery will not be necessary. Surgery is only usually considered for those who have been unresponsive to nonsurgical treatments, or those who are experiencing issues with nerve compression.
Degenerative Disc Disease Treatment in Westwood and Hackensack
If you are seeking treatment for back or pelvic pain, or simply would like more information about our practice, contact us today to schedule your appointment. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to hearing from you.
Posted in Degenerative Disc Disease, Injury Prevention | No Comments »
May 7th, 2014
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections are used to stimulate the healing of various injuries, especially chronic ligament and tendon sprains/strains that have failed with more conservative treatment. Platelets are rich in connective tissue growth factors, so when a concentrated platelet solution is injected into the injured area, it promotes a natural repair process. After only 1-3 sessions, patients will have a strong chance of permanent recovery. Let’s learn some more about PRP injections and how they are administered below.
5 Interesting Facts about PRP Injections
- While platelet rich plasma injections work for a wide variety of injuries, they are most effective for injuries like chronic ligament and tendon sprains and strains, especially when other treatments have proven ineffective. Injuries in these categories include, but are not limited to, rotator cuff injuries, ankle sprains, shoulder pain, hamstring and hip strains, and tennis or golfer’s elbow.
- The injection of the PRP is a bit uncomfortable as the injured area is first anesthetized with lidocaine, and there is some mild pain for a few days following the procedure. Your doctor may prescribe you pain medication, or simply suggest other medications you can take without interfering with the procedure itself.
- After the first visit, patients should expect to schedule a follow-up appointment with your doctor in 6-8 weeks. Sometimes you will only need 1 shot, but other cases may require up to 3.
- Many patients express that they no longer feel pain after getting this treatment, and studies suggest that PRP injections are estimated to have an 80-85% success rate. Results found are typically permanent, as well.
- Along with the injections, your doctor will provide you with additional therapies to help your developing connective tissue grow strong. Exercise and a home-based rehabilitation regimen will be included as part of your treatment.
PRP Injections in Westwood and Hackensack
To learn more about ligament and tendon sprains/strains and how PRP injections can help, contact us today to schedule your consultation. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to hearing from you.
Posted in Sports Medicine | No Comments »
May 7th, 2014
Whenever someone says “epidural,” they almost always think of the shot given to mothers during childbirth. However, “epidural,” actually refers to the space around the spinal chord and nerve roots. An, “epidural,” can also be used in the treatment of extreme back pain and other spinal disorders. Although often referred to by the same name, the epidural used in pregnancy varies from the epidural injection used to help relieve back pain.
- What is an Epidural Injection? When many treatments for back pain have failed, sometimes an epidural injection is prescribed to help alleviate pain. The injection consists of a combination of corticosteroids and a mild anesthetic. Corticosteroids are a compound of chemicals that help control inflammation in the spinal column.
- What conditions can benefit from Epidural Injections? Epidural injections have a positive impact on the pain associated with neurological conditions that affect nerve roots found in the epidural space. Some specific conditions treated by epidural injections are spinal stenosis, herniated discs, and degenerative disc disorders.
- How effective is Epidural Injection Therapy? When used in conjunction with physical therapy to increase mobility and stability and overall health, the injections are considered helpful. However it is estimated that of all patients that receive an epidural injection, only 50% of patients will find it effective. Epidural injections are only recommended after other treatment options have failed to produce results.
- What are the risks involved? How badly does it hurt?Epidural injections are considered generally safe, but complications from a mistake in injection site can have extreme complications varying in degree of severity from nerve damage, avascular necrosis, to most extreme instances, paralysis. When choosing epidural injections it is imperative to visit with an orthopedic surgeon who is board certified and has had many years of experience with epidural injections.
Epidural Injections in Westwood and Hackensack
If you are suffering from chronic back pain related to a neurological condition, simply would like more information about what services our practice offers, contact us today to schedule your appointment. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to hearing from you.
Posted in Uncategorized | No Comments »
April 1st, 2014
Your knees are some of the most complicated joints in the entire body. Knees are often prone to injury, especially among patients who participate in sports on a regular basis. One of the most common knee injuries is known as a meniscal tear.
So, what exactly is a meniscal tear? Let’s learn a bit more about this injury and how they can be treated.
First of all, the meniscus is a disk composed of cartilage that acts as a cushion for your knee. Each of your knees have two of these disks, one for the outer knee and another for the inner knee. A meniscus is crucial for keeping the knees steady.
These types of tears often occur when the knee is forcibly twisted, which is typically a result of playing sports. Since knee cartilage becomes thinner with time, meniscal tears are also common in older people. The most common symptoms of a meniscal tear include swelling or severe knee pain, which will often decrease on its own. Other symptoms may include knee stiffness, as well as difficulties straightening out your knees.
At first, meniscal tears will be treated with conservative methods, including rest, icing the area, or taking over-the-counter medication for pain relief. However, conservative methods may not work for everyone.
Once conservative measures are no longer enough, surgical relief may be necessary. With arthroscopic knee repair or meniscectomy, the part of the meniscus that is torn will likely need to be removed. However, there are cases in which a surgeon will be able to suture the edges of the meniscus, which will allow them to heal without being removed by surgery.
Whether or not your particular meniscal injury requires surgery, your doctor will work closely with you to ensure you are receiving the best care possible.
Meniscus Surgery in Westwood and Hackensack
If you believe that you are suffering from a meniscal tear, or simply would like more information about what services our practice offers, contact us today to schedule your appointment. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to hearing from you.
Posted in Arthroscopic Surgery, Knee Procedures | No Comments »
March 4th, 2014
Ankle sprains are extremely common, and typically occur following a sudden, twisting motion of the foot. These injuries sometimes occur during sporting events, though simply taking an awkward step can result in your ankle moving the wrong way!
Ankle sprains cause the stretching or tearing of ligaments located within the ankle joint. The most common side-effects on sprained ankles include swelling, discoloration, an inability to move the ankle properly, and severe pain within the ankle area. Sprained ankles must be diagnosed by an experienced orthopedist, following a thorough examination and evaluation of symptoms. Some cases may also require x-rays to be taken. Depending on its severity, an ankle sprain can take up to 6 weeks to heal completely. Let’s take a look at some common treatments for these sprains.
- Supportive braces. Wearing protective braces or compression garments, especially those with a built-in air cushion, will provide great support and comfort to an injured ankle.
- Rest. Many patients feel that walking with a sprained ankle is simply too painful, so walking with crutches may be helpful when you absolutely must walk. It is quite important to rest your ankle periodically.
- Ice. Following an ankle injury, a patient often experiences a great deal of swelling and discomfort. Placing ice packs on the ankle can help decrease swelling, especially in the first few days after the injury.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs. These drugs include over-the-counter pain relievers, such as Advil or Motrin. These drugs work to decrease a patient’s pain, as well as any inflammation that has occurred.
- Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation following a sprained ankle will usually include exercises to restore strength and stability to the ankle. Your doctor and physical therapist will work with you to establish an effective treatment plan that will make your sprained ankle as good as new.
Orthopedic Surgeon in Westwood and Hackensack
If you have any questions about how to treat ankle sprains, contact us today to schedule a consultation. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to serving you!
Posted in Bone Health, Injury Prevention, Knee Procedures | No Comments »
February 3rd, 2014
Exercising during the winter months is not always easy. Colder temperatures, along with environmental factors such as ice and snow, can easily wreak havoc on an exercise routine. However, being active even during the rough winter months is extremely beneficial. Nevertheless, extreme caution should always be taken when you work out in cold temperatures.
Let’s take a look at some tips that will keep you healthy (and safe) during your winter workout.
Top Ways to Exercise Safely During the Winter:
- Warm-up Inside. Before you head out into the cold to exercise, do some warmup exercises indoors. Not warming up prior to exercising means that your body will be ill-prepared for what you are about to do, which can often result in sports injuries. So, remember to warm-up so your body is conditioned for your workout!
- Dress Properly. During the winter, it is important to wear layers. However, you do not want to wear clothing that will leave you feeling overheated. Instead, wear a snug, yet breathable, shirt as a base layer. This shirt should be made out of a synthetic fabric, which will help absorb any moisture. As a middle layer, wear a fleece or wool top that will provide insulation to your body. The thickness of this middle layer will depend on how intense your exercise routine is. Finally, for an outer layer, wear a jacket that resists wind, but is still breathable. A jacket made of nylon is a good option, and don’t forget to wear your hat and gloves!
- Keep your body hydrated. Most people believe that dehydration is only something to worry about during the summer months. However, dehydration can also be a major problem during the winter months, especially when people exercise while wearing heavy layers. Becoming dehydrated puts you at an increased risk for fatigue, which may eventually result in an injury. Maintaining a healthy diet is also necessary during the winter months.
Orthopedic Surgeon in Westwood and Hackensack
If you have any questions about how to prevent exercise-related injuries during the winter, contact us today to schedule a consultation. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to serving you!
Posted in Sports Medicine | No Comments »
January 2nd, 2014
Each year, millions of adults seek hip replacement surgery to relieve pain and damage within the hip area caused by arthritis, injury, or fracture. Hip replacement surgery is often considered when nonsurgical treatments, such as medications or lifestyle changes, are not effective.
Let’s take a closer look at some of the top questions about this procedure.
- What exactly is hip replacement surgery? Hip replacement is a surgical procedure, which removes a painful or damaged hip joint. The hip joint is then replaced with an artificial prosthetic, effectively relieving symptoms and restoring movement to the joint.
- What will hip replacement surgery involve? During the procedure, a patient will first receive anesthesia, which will minimize discomfort. Damaged cartilage and bone will be removed from the joint. The artificial replacement is then placed into the joint, restoring movement there. The hip joint consists of a ball and socket, which are both replaced and and cemented into the joint. An artificial replacement is usually made of metal, plastic, or even ceramic.
- What conditions does hip replacement surgery treat? Hip replacement surgery can help adults suffering from various degenerative conditions, such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Who is a good candidate for the procedure? There are no strict age or weight restrictions for hip replacement surgery. However, hip replacement surgery remains far more common among adults between the ages of 50 to 80. Patients who are usually in need of this surgery are experiencing hip pain or stiffness that interferes with their daily activities and movements.
- Is hip replacement right for me? If you are considering having hip replacement surgery, the best way to determine if the procedure is right for you is to speak with your doctor. Your doctor will be able to determine your candidacy by evaluating your medical history, your specific needs, and if the surgery will benefit you.
Hip Replacement Surgery in Westwood and Hackensack
If you have any interest in or questions about hip replacement surgery, contact us today to schedule a consultation. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to serving you!
Posted in Arthroscopic Surgery, Bone Health | No Comments »
November 25th, 2013
While it’s an increasingly common condition, not many are familiar with what exactly carpal tunnel syndrome entails. Caused by pressure on the wrist’s median nerve, this condition most commonly affects people whose wrists and hands are subject to constant, repetitive motions – like carpenters, assembly line workers, and more. The median nerve runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand and controls sensations and movement in the thumb and first three fingers, the area most affected by carpal tunnel syndrome. If you’re ready to learn more about this condition, keep reading to find out answers to some of the most commonly asked questions.
Top Patient Questions about Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- What are the symptoms? Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome typically include pain, tingling, and numbness in the hand or wrist, generally in the area where the median nerve runs. Patients also report increases in pain at night and with increased use of the hand, in addition to weakness in the affected area.
- What causes it? While carpal tunnel syndrome is usually brought about by constant and repetitive motions of the wrist and hand, there are other factors that contribute to their onset. Some common causes include smoking, certain illnesses, pregnancy, and obesity.
- How is this condition diagnosed? If you’re experiencing any symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, a physical exam can help your doctor identify it. After learning more about your medical history, blood or nerve testing may be done to help reach a diagnosis.
- What are the treatment options? Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome typically depends on the severity of the case. If symptoms are mild, it can usually be treated with home remedies, like ice, anti-inflammatory medications, and the use of a wrist splint. More serious cases may require surgery, so make sure to tell your doctor if your symptoms are becoming more severe.
- Is it preventable? For those worried about their risk, there are some steps that can be taken to lower your risk for developing carpal tunnel syndrome. Exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking can all help to reduce your risk, and frequent breaks from wrist-heavy activity may prove effective. It can also be helpful to try and keep your wrists in a neutral position, and switch hands whenever possible.
Orthopedic Surgeon in Westwood, Hackensack and Montclair
For more information about carpal tunnel syndrome, contact us today and schedule a consultation. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 , Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277 and Montlcair at (973)680-7831. We look forward to hearing from you.
Posted in Injury Prevention | No Comments »
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October 31st, 2013
Our bones protect our vital organs, and are essential to our daily lives. While it is important to build strong and healthy bones during childhood, it is also important for adults to protect their bones, since bone strength decreases with age.
So, how can you care for your bones? Here are some top tips to help with lifelong bone health:
- Stay active. Not only is exercise essential to a healthy lifestyle, but people who are physically active throughout their life have a much better chance for greater bone health. You don’t have to take up high-impact exercises to have healthy bones; activities such as jogging, tennis, or golf, are great activities to help keep you body (and by extension, your bones) healthy.
- Maintain a diet rich in calcium. Calcium is a mineral which helps keep bones strong. If we do not have a sufficient amount of calcium in our diets, our bones can grow weaker leading to the bone disease osteoporosis, in which the bones become extremely fragile and thin. Osteoporosis can lead to bone fracture, joint damage, and more. Calcium can be obtained through foods like cheese, tofu, and kale, or through vitamin D supplements.
- Avoid smoking . Smoking decreases bone mass, especially in older adults. Smoking also damages your blood vessels, as well as nerves in the feet. This can increase your risk for falls or bone fracture.
- Avoid excessive alcohol. Like smoking, drinking alcohol in excess is unhealthy, not only for your body but for your bones! Drinking more than two alcoholic beverages each day interferes with the absorption of calcium in your body, which increases your risk for osteoporosis. If you do drink, remember: “Everything in moderation.”
- Take medications. There is currently no cure for osteoporosis, though there are several effective medications currently on the market which can help treat and prevent the condition. Like with any medication, there are certain risks with osteoporosis medications. Speak to your doctor before taking any new medication to see what will be best for you.
Orthopedic Surgeon in Westwood and Hackensack
If you have any questions about bone health or how to treat it, contact us today to schedule a consultation. You can reach our Westwood office at (201) 358-0707 or our Hackensack office at (201) 343-2277. We look forward to serving you!
Posted in Bone Health, Injury Prevention | No Comments »